Lesson: Initialize your IPFS Repository
After doing this Lesson you will be able to
- Initialize a local ipfs repository
- Locate where IPFS stores the contents of your local IPFS repository
- Open the IPFS Configuration file
Step 1: Initialize the Repository
ipfs init command to initialize the repository. This will generate a local ipfs repository for the current user account on your machine. It also generates a cryptographic keypair that allows your ipfs node to cryptographically sign the content and messages that you create.
$ ipfs init initializing ipfs node at /Users/jbenet/.go-ipfs generating 2048-bit RSA keypair...done peer identity: Qmcpo2iLBikrdf1d6QU6vXuNb6P7hwrbNPW9kLAH8eG67z to get started, enter: ipfs cat /ipfs/QmYwAPJzv5CZsnA625s3Xf2nemtYgPpHdWEz79ojWnPbdG/readme
initializing ipfs node at /Users/sally/.ipfs Error: ipfs configuration file already exists! Reinitializing would overwrite your keys.This is ok. It means you've already done this step. You can safely proceed to Step 2.
Step 2: Use IPFS to explore the post-install documentation
When you ran
ipfs init, it provided a hint for how you can get started. It said:
to get started, enter: ipfs cat /ipfs/QmYwAPJzv5CZsnA625s3Xf2nemtYgPpHdWEz79ojWnPbdG/readme
ipfs cat command tells ipfs to read the content matching the path you provided. If the content isn't available locally, ipfs will attempt to find it on the peer-to-peer network.
ipfs cat command with the path you got from the init message:
$ ipfs cat /ipfs/QmYwAPJzv5CZsnA625s3Xf2nemtYgPpHdWEz79ojWnPbdG/readme
You should see something like this:
Hello and Welcome to IPFS! ██╗██████╗ ███████╗███████╗ ██║██╔══██╗██╔════╝██╔════╝ ██║██████╔╝█████╗ ███████╗ ██║██╔═══╝ ██╔══╝ ╚════██║ ██║██║ ██║ ███████║ ╚═╝╚═╝ ╚═╝ ╚══════╝ If you're seeing this, you have successfully installed IPFS and are now interfacing with the ipfs merkledag! ------------------------------------------------------- | Warning: | | This is alpha software. use at your own discretion! | | Much is missing or lacking polish. There are bugs. | | Not yet secure. Read the security notes for more. | ------------------------------------------------------- Check out some of the other files in this directory: ./about ./help ./quick-start <-- usage examples ./readme <-- this file ./security-notes
You can explore other objects in there. For example, check out
ipfs cat /ipfs/QmYwAPJzv5CZsnA625s3Xf2nemtYgPpHdWEz79ojWnPbdG/security-notes
Step 3: Locate where IPFS Stores the Repository Contents on your Machine
ipfs stores its local object repository in
$ ls ~/.ipfs
The contents of that directory look like this:
blocks config datastore version
All of the contents of your IPFS repository are stored within this directory. For example, the readme file from above is stored in here, along with the other files it links to. You can run a grep to find out the exact location.
Step 4: Open the IPFS Configuration file
The configuration for your ipfs repository is in a json file that's usually stored at
~/.ipfs/config. To view the current config, run:
$ ipfs config show
One of the useful details in this config file is at
Datastore.Path. This tells you where the ipfs repository's contents are being stored. As we saw in Step 3, this is usually
Next, proceed to the Files on IPFS tutorial.